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The midwest worm snake is a very small, glossy brown-to-black snake that resembles an earthworm. Also, the belly of this snake is bright pink to reddish-pink. The tail is short and it tapers to a sharp tip. On top of the head of this snake there are scales between the nose and a large scale that lies between the eyes.
Adults of this species may only be half a foot long (15 cm) and rarely exceed a foot (30 cm) in length.
The midwest worm snake burrows through loose soil in search of soft-bodied prey, especially earthworms. It uses a “grab-and-eat” technique for subduing and swallowing its food.
Distribution And Habitat
The midwest worm snake lives in the southern third of Ohio.
The snake lives in damp hilly woodlands and in farmland that borders woodland. Also, these snakes live on partially wooded or grassy hillsides above streams. During dry periods they retreat deep underground where the soil is much more moist.
Breeding of the midwest worm snake occurs in the early spring. Eggs are laid in the early summer. Clutch size is normally 1-8 eggs, and hatching takes place in August or September. Hatchlings range in size from 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to 10.2 cm) in total length.
The midwest worm snake is very secretive, and except for occasional times during a damp spring, they are almost never seen in the open. When handled, the snake is not known to bite in defense, but will almost certainly expel excrement and a foul-smelling musk. It may also try to burrow through fingers or even poke a handler’s hands with its sharp tail.