Eastern Worm Snake is a non-venomous Ohio snake


The eastern worm snake is a small, shiny brownish black snake that resembles an earthworm.  The upper side of the body and head do not have a pattern and are a brown color while the underside is also without pattern and pink, with pink color extending onto the sides of the body. The tail of the snake is short and tapers to a sharp tip.


The eastern worm snake likes to eat worms and most soft-bodied insects.

Distribution And Habitat

Worm snakes range throughout the southern third of the state, particularly southeastern Ohio. These reptile versions of the typical night crawler almost never found in the open, but can be discovered under large, flat slabs of rock, logs, and other debris. They prefer to live around  moist earth, such as hillside seeps. During dry periods of time they retreat deep underground where the soil more moist.


The eastern worm snake usually mates in the spring and will then lay one to eight eggs in the summer. The young hatch seven weeks later and reach maturity three years later. No parental care is involved once they are born.


Although worm snakes do not bite, when handled they will try to push between the fingers with both their head and tail, which has a sharp tip. This tail spine has made some believe that these snakes have stingers; however, no snake has a stinger.


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